According to Federal of American Scientists 2007, aviation security is realized through combination of private and public aviation security activities across the globe. These
activities are then coordinated to detect, prevent, deter, and defeat threats that…… This researcher rejects the existence of online communities because computer
mediated group discussions cannot possibly meet this definition. Weinreich's view is that anyone with even a basic knowledge of sociology understands that information exchange in no way constitutes a community. For a cyber place with an associated computer mediated group to be labeled as a virtual settlement it is necessary for it to meet a minimum set of conditions. These are: 1 a minimum level of interactivity; 2 a variety of communicators; 3 a minimum level of sustained membership; and 4 a virtual common public space where a significant portion of interactive computer mediated groups occur Weinreich, 1997. The notion of interactivity will be shown to be central to virtual settlements. Further, it will be shown that virtual settlements can be defined as a cyber place that is symbolically delineated by topic of interest and within which a significant proportion of interrelated interactive computer…… " Harman, Flite, and ond, 2012 the key to the preservation of confidentiality is "making sure that only authorized individuals have access to that information. The process of controlling access limiting who can see what begins with authorizing users. " Harman, Flite, and ond, 2012 Employers are held accountable under the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules for their employee's actions. The federal agency that holds responsibility for the development of information security guidelines is the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST. NIST further defines information security as "the preservation of data confidentiality, integrity, availability" stated to be commonly referred to as "the CIA triad.